The Golden Age
by Ndagi Abdullahi
Today we are told that the Golden Age was an utopian age narrated by the ancient Greeks to have been a period in the past of humanity. Classical Greek writers and philosophers, including Hesiod and Plato, have specifically mentioned the Golden Age as a paradisiacal age or eon in the remote past of the human race.
What the ancient Greeks did was to divide the past of humanity into Golden Age, a Silver Age, a Bronze Age, a Hero Age, and then an Iron Age wherein humanity lived with without labour and sorrow. They then said that the Golden Age was the greatest and most paradisiacal one of these ages. In fact they actually named the ages after the relative values of the metals such that the Golden Age was greater and better than the Silver Age which was in turn better than the Bronze Age which was also in turn better than the Iron Age.
The Classical Greeks described the Golden Age to be the first age of humanity. They said that the first human beings lived in the Golden Age and that during the Golden Age this world was a paradise.
The ancient Greeks described the Golden Age to be a great age of paradisiacal features and parameters. The Golden Age was a period or a time when humanity was not plagued by all the social vices and evils that modern humanity is pestered with today. During the Golden Age humanity was living in paradise here on earth. During the Golden Age everything was perfect and paradisiacal. There were no diseases, wars or deadly animals. Men and animals and the nature lived in perfect harmony and could communicate with each other.
Greek Classical mythology categorically described the Golden Age to be the age or era when humanity lived with no sorrow or labour. During the Golden Age, according to Greek mythology, human beings got what they want without having to work or labour for it. Also during the Golden Age human beings lived with no sorrow as there was nothing to make them sad. The Golden Age was the age of paradise here on earth.
But the Greeks admit that in latter times the Golden Age, and in fact all the others, came t an end. They said that in the beginning it was the Golden Age that reigned supreme for thousands of years but that in the end the Golden Age came to an end by degenerating into the less great Silver Age. Then, after a couple of millennia too, the Silver Age came to an end too by degenerating into the Bronze or Copper Age which eventually degenerated into the Iron Age too.
In any case the ancient Greeks came to believed that remnants of these prehistoric ages continued to linger on though in a primitive form in many other parts of the world but in particular at Arcadia somewhere in rural Greece. Some others, however, located the remnants of the Golden Age in Europe somewhere in Sicily. That was exactly what the Greek poet Theocritus did while writing back in Alexandria right here in Africa.
In any case, and in latter times, many of the ancient Greek and Roman writers came t acknowledge the fact that the Golden Age, and all other ages, was not a Greek affair alone but was a worldwide phenmenon.
The Golden Age Was Real
Today most scholars and academicians who have studied this topic have the opinion that there was never a real or true Golden Age – or even a Silver or Bronze ages for that matter. Modern Western scholarship is of the opinion that the Golden Age mentioned by the ancient Greeks was nothing but a mythical fiction or a utopia at best. Modern Western scholars are of the view that a Golden Age of paradise here on earth is impossible and utterly utopian.
But the truth of the matter is that the Classical Greek mythological story of a Golden Age at the beginning of humanity cannot easily be brushed aside as the modern Western scholarship is trying to do. That a Classical Greek mythological story of a Golden Age is not acceptable or palatable to modern Western scholarship does not mean that the story is a complete fiction. As is often the case most of what modern Western scholarship has condemned as baseless mythology or folklores from all parts of the world have been proved to have elements of truth in them.
We will start by observing the fact that the story of a paradisiacal beginning for humanity is not peculiar to Classical Greek mythology alone. In all parts of the world and from all traditional mythologies and folklores in all parts of the world there is inevitable story of a paradisiacal beginning for humanity. In other words all cultures and mythologies from all parts of the world have consistently narrated this same story of the Golden Age in one form or the other.
We see this story of the Golden Age when humanity lived without labour or sorrow among the Semitic peoples in the form of the story of Adam and Eve told in the Bible and the Qur’an. Both the Bible and the Qur’an narrated that Adam and Eve, the first human beings, lived in paradise with no labour or sorrow until they were expelled from paradise. We see this same story in the form of the story of Atlantis told by the ancient Greeks, including Plato, who narrated that in the beginning humanity lived in a paradisiacal culture and civilization known as Atlantis. The ancient Sumerians also told this same story in the form of the first human being called Enki and his consort who lived in a paradisiacal world where there was no sorrow or labour.
What is common to all these universal stories about the Golden Age is that they all stated that the Golden Age was the first age of humanity and that it was a paradisiacal age in the sense that all the vices and infirmities known to the human race today were unknown to mankind in the days of the Golden Age.
While the Mahabhrata Hindu epic categorically stated that, “Men neither bought nor sold; there were no poor and no rich; there was no need to labour, because all that men required was obtained by the power of will; the chief virtue was the abandonment of all worldly desires. The Krita Yuga was without disease; there was no lessening with the years; there was no hatred or vanity, or evil thought whatsoever; no sorrow, no fear. All mankind could attain to supreme blessedness.”
The Greek poet Hesiod wrote that, in the days of the Golden Age, “[Men] lived like gods without sorrow of heart, remote and free from toil and grief: miserable age rested not on them; but with legs and arms never failing they made merry with feasting beyond the reach of all devils. When they died, it was as though they were overcome with sleep, and they had all good things; for the fruitful earth unforced bare them fruit abundantly and without stint. They dwelt in ease and peace.”
That the story of the Golden Age can be found in all mythologies among all ancient cultures and peoples in all parts of the world means that this story of a Golden Age beginning for humanity cannot just be dismissed as mere fable as modern Western scholarship is trying to do.
It is on this note that it is not surprising at all that we see that the story of the Golden Age had survived intact among the ancient Hindu traditions also. As a matter of fact the Hindu traditions regarding the Golden Age seems to be evidently older than that of the ancient Greeks.
The Norse people of Europe also have traditions talking of the Golden Age which is referred to in Norse traditions as the Gulladr or the ‘Golden Age’.
In their own version of the Golden Age the Vedic traditions of the Hindus narrate the story of the four Yugas corresponding exactly to the four Ages of the ancient Greeks. The first of the Yugas, also according to the Brahmanic traditions, is the Satya Yuga or the Golden Age. After that came the Thretha Yuga or Silva Age, then there followed the Dwarpar Yuga or Copper Age, and then there followed the Kali Yuga or Iron Age.
The Satya Yuga or the Golden Age was said to have lasted for some 1,250 years and is said to have been the first, the best and greatest of all the ages or Yugas. It is said that the Satya Yuga or the Golden Age was the first of all the ages and that it was the age or Yuga in which human perfection reached its heighest. In other words the human race and human perfection ha actually been devolving or degenerating ever since the days of the Satya Yuga or the Golden Age.
Interestingly enough even the Bible categorically came up with a narration that is in complete assonance with the very ancient narrations of the ages ranging from the Golden to the Silver through the Brass or Copper to the Iron Age. In the story of the dream of King Nebuchadnezzar in Daniel 2 the vision of a colossal statue symbolizing different kingdoms, civilizations or ages was narrated with its head made of Gold, its chest of Silver, its belly of Brass and its legs f Iron.
Devolution, Not Evolution
The beginning of humanity was truly paradisiacal and at the beginning humanity did lived without labour or sorrow. Whether modern Western scholarship agrees with this or not does not preclude the fact that in the beginning the human race did lived in a paradisiacal world right here on this planet earth.
All available sources, documentary and otherwise, point to the fact that in the beginning the human race was not as degenerate as it is today. In the beginning the human race was more refined and did lived in a more paradisiacal environment and nature than is the case today. The point here is that the human race have actually degenerated over the ages. The human race has devolved over the aeons.
Yes, instead of evolution, the human race have actually devolved or witnessed devolution over the ages. And that is the main reason why modern Western scholarship is not ready to accept the story of a Golden Age or a paradisiacal beginning for the human race. Modern Western scholarship is built around the claim that the human race have evolved over the ages – the claim that the first human beings were primitive cave men little different from the apes and that it was over the ages that the human race have evolved into the sophisticated humanity of modern times.
Modern Western scholarship’s evolutionist claim that humanity have evolved over the ages is in complete opposition to the ancient story of the Golden Age or a paradisiacal beginning for a highly advanced and supremely sophisticated humanity who have degenerated over the ages. Modern Western scholarship is finding it extremely difficult to reject the Theory of Evolution and to accept the Theory of Devolution.
But the truth of the matter is that there are substantial and circumstantial evidences and proofs in support of the Theory of Devolution than there are in support of the Theory of Evolution. As a matter of fact so many authorities have consummately deconstructed the Theory of Evolution and have proved it to be a utterly baseless fiction of the evolutionist lobby.
This is not the right place to waste our time proving the baseless Theory of Evolution wrong. That job is for another day in another write-up. Here we are focused on demonstrating the fact that the story of the Golden Age is, to a very great extent, very true.
Starting with the Classical Greek mythology itself we see that the very term Golden Age is derived from the word ‘Gold’ which is the name of a well known precious metal. But then what most of us are not aware of is the fact that gold is itself actually named after a sociocultural phenomenon, namely, one of the first civilizations or cultures of humanity known as the Jarata or Jarada civilization.
In the beginning human beings were far more anthropologically refined and advanced than they are today. In the beginning the anatomical and physiological make-up of the human race were far more advanced than they are today. The human body was far better and more advanced than it is today. The immune system of the human body, for instance, was far more powerful than it is today. And so also was all the anatomical and physiological systems and organs of the human body at the beginning, they were all far more advanced and perfect than they are today.
Also the psychological and spiritual faculties of the human race were far more advanced than they are today. In those days, at the beginning, human beings were far more spiritually developed and advanced than they are today. In those days the human spirit was more perceptive and cognizant of this corporeal realm than it is today. In those days the human spirit freely interacted with this corporeal world such that the spiritual and the corporeal realms were both easily perceptible to human beings. The subconscious and conscious realms were both and equally accessible to the human faculties in those days.
In those days of the beginning, the days of the Golden Age, human beings were perfect beings. Human beings were gods.
In the beginning human beings were giants. The Prophet Muhammad actually said that Prophet Adam, the first human being, was a giant. Prophet Muhammad specifically narrated that Prophet Adam, the first human being, was sixty cubit, that is 90 feet or 24 meters, tall. That made Prophet Adam some four to five times taller and larger than modern Homo sapiens.
Then the Prophet Muhammad categorically stated that the human race has degenerated over the ages from the sixty cubit of Prophet Adam to the modern height of today’s Homo sapiens. What the Prophet Muhammad is pointing out here is that Prophet Adam was a giant and that the Golden Age, the age of the first human beings on this planet earth, was the age of the giants.
Well, the point here is that during the Golden Age human beings were giants. This is a well known and universally accepted fact to the ancients – in former times the entire world believed that the people of the Golden Age were giants. So, anywhere giants were seen in ancient times they were referred to as remnants of the peoples of the Golden Age. As a matter of fact our modern word ‘giant’ is actually a derivative of the same radical root from which the word gold is also derived.
Has anyone ever noticed the fact that the word ‘gold’ is progressively derived from ‘Garada’ or ‘Jarada’ or ‘Jarata’ which is the same word that can progressively reverted back as ‘Janata’ or ‘Janta’ or ‘Jianta’ or ‘Gianta’ or ‘Giant’?
The giants were the people of the Gldeen Age. That is a fact that was well known to the ancients. During the era of the Goldden Age, in the days of the first human beings, the human race was a race of giants. The Golden Age was so perfect and so paradisiacal that nly perfect human beings in the form of the giants could have lived in it.
And such was it that even several millennia, if not millions of years, after the demise of the Golden Age the giants continued to be associated with the Golden Age. In all parts of the world anywhere a race or tribe of giant human beings was seen the stories of their being remnants of the Golden Age immediately crops up.
And the sightings of giants were most common on the African continent than in all other parts of the world. Africa was the original homeland of the giants and it is not surprising therefore that Africa remained the last bastion of the perfect human beings known as the giants for a very long time.
Right unto very historic times we saw Herodotus, and other Greeks, still writing that the Africans were a race of giants and that Africans are the greatest and most perfect of all people in the world. Greek Mythology categorically referred to Zeus and the pantheon of gods as being made up of superhuman giants who were Black African Negroes in the habit of frequently retiring back to their homeland Olympus in Black Negro Africa for rest and festivities.
The African Connection
The traditions of the ancients from all parts of the world have consistently referred to Black Negro Africa as the homeland of the giants otherwise known as the gods. It was here in the heart f Black Negro Africa that the Golden Age or the Age of the Giants or the Age of the Gods took place at the very beginning of the human race. But it happened so long ago that modern humanity is almost completely unaware of this fact to the effect that Africa is the original homeland of the Golden Age.
It was here in the heart of Black Negro Africa that the first human being appeared. And the first human beings were giants and were gods who lived in the era of the first human culture and civilization namely the Golden Age.
Black Negro Africa, here, was the setting of the paradisiacal Golden Age whereby humans lived without fear or labour at the very beginning of mankind. Echoes of the Golden Age that we heard of in the narratives of all the ancient peoples and traditions of the world in latter times actually took place right here in the heart of Black Negro Africa a very long time ago at the beginning of the human race. That we come to hear of the Golden Age in latter times from the Greeks, the Indians and others doesn’t mean that the Golden Age took place in ancient Greece or the Hindus Valleys for that matter.