Dina Boluarte has been sworn in as Peru’s new president after left-wing leader Pedro
Castillo was removed in an impeachment trial and arrested following his attempt to
illegally shut down Congress.
Earlier in the day, Mr Castillo had said he was replacing Congress with an
“exceptional emergency government”.
But lawmakers ignored this, and in an emergency meeting impeached him. He was
then detained and accused of rebellion.
Reports in local media say he was heading to the Mexican embassy in the capital
when he was arrested.
Dina Boluarte, a 60-year-old lawyer, said she would govern until July 2026, which is
when Mr Castillo’s presidency would have ended.
Speaking after taking the oath of office, she called for a political truce to overcome
the crisis which has gripped the country.
“What I ask for is a space, a time to rescue the country,” she said.
Wednesday’s dramatic chain of events began with President Pedro Castillo giving an
address on national television in which he declared a state of emergency.
He announced that he would dissolve the opposition-controlled Congress, a move
which was met with shock both in Peru – several ministers resigned in protest – and
The head of the constitutional court accused him of launching a coup d’etat, while
the US “strongly urged” Mr Castillo to reverse his decision.
Peru’s police and armed forces released a joint statement in which they said they
respected the constitutional order.
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Mr Castillo tried to dissolve Congress just hours before it was due to start fresh
impeachment proceedings against him – the third since he came to office in July
In his televised address he said: “In response to citizens’ demands throughout the
length and breadth of the country, we have decided to establish an exceptional
government aimed at re-establishing the rule of law and democracy.”
He said that “a new Congress with constituent powers to draw up a new constitution”
would be convened “within no more than nine months”.
But Congress, which is controlled by parties opposed to Mr Castillo, convened an
emergency session and held the impeachment vote Mr Castillo had been trying to
The result was overwhelming: 101 voted in favour of impeaching him, with only six
against and 10 abstentions.
After the impeachment, Mr Castillo was seen on police premises.
In the photos – which were shared by police on Twitter but subsequently deleted – he
could be seen sitting, seemingly relaxed, and chatting to others. Footage was then
released of Mr Castillo signing papers with prosecutors.
He was later detained and accused of rebellion for breaking the constitutional order.
Peru has been going through a rocky political period, with multiple presidents ousted
from office in recent years. In 2020, it had three presidents within the space of five
Mr Castillo, who is a left-wing former school teacher, was elected in June 2021 in a
polarising election in which he defeated his right-wing rival Keiko Fujimori.
He had recently been fighting allegations of corruption, which he said were part of a
plot to oust him.