The history of settlers living in Nigeria can be traced to 1100 BC.
The Kingdom of Nri, the Benin Empire, the Songhai Empire, and the Oyo Empire
are all diverse ancient African civilizations that are said to have settled in the region
now known as Nigeria.
Lagos, the former capital of Nigeria, was invaded by British forces in 1851 and then
became a British protectorate in 1901. Colonization lasted for over a hundred years,
benefiting from the region’s natural resources until after World War II when a
movement for independence arose.
On October 1, 1960, Nigeria gained its independence. Afterward, an all-Nigerian
Executive Council was formed and headed by Prime Minister, Alhaji Sir Abubakar
Tafawa Balewa until three years later, when Nigeria became a republic led by Nnamdi
Azikiwe as its first President.
Today, Nigeria’s three main tribes are the Yoruba, the Igbo, and the Hausa.
In addition to other smaller tribes, the country has over 520 languages, although it
retains English as its official language.
How Nigerians celebrate Independence DayIt is common knowledge among Africans
that Nigerians will find any excuse to party. Although most corporate businesses and
government departments are closed, on Independence Day restaurants, shops, and
markets are open as normal, making the most of the celebrations and helping
families to prepare big meals for gatherings. The event is celebrated by Nigerians of
all cultures and religions both at home and abroad